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Contribution à l’étude de l’effet des métaux lourds (Plomb) sur les caractéristiques biométriques et chimiques de la fève (Vicia faba L.)

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dc.contributor.author BOUZIANI El Hadj
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-12T06:55:48Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-12T06:55:48Z
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1152
dc.description.abstract Lead is one of the most toxic heavy metals, it causes considerable damage in plants. This work is to follow the behavior of the bean (Vicia faba L.) cope with stress of lead. This plant is used as a model in ecotoxicological studies due to its large amount of biomass and its short growing season. The objective of our work is to study the influence of lead as nitrates Pb(NO3)2 at doses of 0, 500 and 1000 ppm, on the behavior morpho-physiological, anatomical and on mechanisms intervenants volved in the process of seed germination of plants from both varieties Sidi Aich and Super Aguadulce. The plant has been stressed at doses of lead of 0, 500 and 1000 ppm. This stress was applied twice during the growing cycle of the plant. The results indicate that seed germination is strongly inhibited and the mechanisms intrvenants in this process are changeable due to this stress. The presence of lead decreases the photosynthetic activity and production of biomass parameters accompanied by a reduction of the protein content in the grains of the culture. These results also show an accumulation of soluble sugars and proline, expressing a mechanism for regulating of the potentiel internal face of the action of metal stress. The effect of lead stress and of the plant genotype is significant on the anatomic parameter of the plant. These results suggest that the presence of lead alters the normal functioning and development of plants by disturbances on the morphological, physiological, biochemical and anatomical behavior of the plant. en_US
dc.language.iso fr en_US
dc.subject Lead, genotype, stress, Vicia faba, physiological behavior, morphological behavior, anatomical behavior, Sidi Aich, Super Aguadulce. en_US
dc.title Contribution à l’étude de l’effet des métaux lourds (Plomb) sur les caractéristiques biométriques et chimiques de la fève (Vicia faba L.) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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