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Readability enhancement of time-frequency distributions based on kernels with compact support by image processing of TF diagrams:Application to feature extraction and signal classification

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dc.contributor.author ADOUL, Mohammed Amin
dc.date.accessioned 2023-10-04T10:14:25Z
dc.date.available 2023-10-04T10:14:25Z
dc.date.issued 2023-06-01
dc.identifier.uri http://e-biblio.univ-mosta.dz/handle/123456789/24354
dc.description.abstract Time-frequency distributions (TFDs) based on time-lag kernels with compact support (KCS) have proved their high performance in terms of resolution and crossterms suppression. However, as for all kernel-based quadratic TFDs, these distributions suffer from spreading out signal terms. This is due to the unavoidable smoothing effects of the kernel in the ambiguity domain. The main objective of this manuscript is to improve concentration, interference rejection and so time-frequency readability of this representation class. The latter has the advantage of being tuned using a single parameter while external windows are no longer needed. The KCS-TFDs, referred to as KCSDs, are first optimized using objective performance measures used in the literature. Important signal features are extracted as well through analysis of time slice plots. The obtained TF diagrams are then enhanced using a specific method that includes two-dimensionalWiener filter, automatic binarization and morphological image processing techniques. The enhanced plots are compared to those obtained from the original TFDs using several tests on real-life and multicomponent frequency modulated (FM) signals including the noise effects. Moreover, a comparative study involving a selection of the best-performing reassignment time-frequency distributions is provided. The obtained results show a significant improvement of concentration, timefrequency localization of the autoterms as well as interference and noise suppression. As viable applications, the proposed approach is used first to instantaneous frequency (IF) estimation of several synthetic and real-life M-ary frequency shift keying (MFSK) signals. It is shown that the IF estimator from the enhanced plots performs better than smoothed pseudo Wigner-Ville distribution (SPWVD) and reassignment post-processing-based TFDs in terms of mainlobe width (MLW) and variance, respectively, even at low signal-tonoise ratio (SNR). On the other hand, time-frequency characterization of continuous wave linear frequency modulation (CW-LFM) and pulse linear FM (PLFM) radar signals are also investigated. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher l’Université de Mostaganem en_US
dc.title Readability enhancement of time-frequency distributions based on kernels with compact support by image processing of TF diagrams:Application to feature extraction and signal classification en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US


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