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Analyse morpho-géométrique de la forme du bec chez la poule pondeuse industrielle et poulet de chair (souche Isa Brown et cobb500)

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dc.contributor.author BENDERBAL, Karima
dc.date.accessioned 2019-10-13T07:52:39Z
dc.date.available 2019-10-13T07:52:39Z
dc.date.issued 2019-07-14
dc.identifier.uri http://e-biblio.univ-mosta.dz/handle/123456789/13055
dc.description.abstract The objective of this study was to analyze the variation of the beak shape in laying hens (ISA BROWN) by the geometrical morphometric (MG) technique based on the reference points. In this work, the shape of the beak in the chicken was analyzed for the first time in Algeria by the use of modern morphometric techniques based essentially on the reference points that are part of the MG. A total of 100 photographs were made on the beak of chickens, after comparing with 65 chicken flesh Cobb500 strain. The digitization of the images using the tpsDig software made it possible to retain 9 homologous reference points on the upper mandible of each beak. The Procrust overlay method was applied using the MorphoJ software to suppress the size effect and obtain the different configurations of the beak compared to the average "consensus" shape. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) allowed us to extract 3 components together accounting for 82.04% of the total change in beak shape. The other multifactorial tests applied (AFD Discriminant Factor Analysis and the Hotteling test) revealed a very highly significant difference (p <0.0001) between the Isa Brown and Cobb500 strains for the bill shape. More generally, the method of landmarks applied here in a 2-dimensional framework, via the Procrustean analysis has proved extremely effective and accurate to identify and visualize the conformations of the beak in the chicken. The results obtained need to be confirmed by other studies, especially on local breeds, to see how it would be possible to select animals with beaks that are better adapted to the farming conditions of tomorrow. en_US
dc.language.iso fr en_US
dc.subject Broiler en_US
dc.subject Picage en_US
dc.subject Beak shape en_US
dc.subject Morphometry-geometric en_US
dc.subject PCA en_US
dc.title Analyse morpho-géométrique de la forme du bec chez la poule pondeuse industrielle et poulet de chair (souche Isa Brown et cobb500) en_US
dc.type Other en_US

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